You cannot write an essay unless you have an idea of what to write about. Brainstorming is the process in which you come up with the essay topic. You need to simply sit and think of ideas during this phase. Use clustering or mind mapping to brainstorm and come up with an essay idea. This involves writing your topic or idea in the center of the paper and creating bubbles clouds or clusters of related ideas around it. Brainstorming can be a great way to develop a topic more deeply and to recognize connections between various facets of your topic.
Once you have a list of possible topics, it's time to choose the best one that will answer the question posed for your essay. You want to choose a topic that is neither too broad nor too narrow. If you are given an assignment to write a one-page essay, it would be far too much to write about "the history of the US," since that could fill entire volumes of books.
Instead, you could write about a specific event within the history of the United States: perhaps signing the Declaration of Independence or when Columbus discovered the Americas. Choose the best topic idea from among your list and begin moving forward on writing your essay. But, before you move forward, take heed of these topics to avoid. Once you have done your brainstorming and chosen your topic, you may need to do some research to write a good essay.
Go to the library or search online for information about your topic. Interview people who might be experts in the subject. Keep your research organized so it will be easy for you to refer back to.
General Rules for Writing an Essay
This will also make it easier to cite your sources when writing your final essay. Your thesis statement is the main point of your essay.
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It is essentially one sentence that says what the essay is about. For example, your thesis statement might be "Dogs are descended from wolves. You should usually state your thesis in your introductory paragraph. The thesis statement should be broad enough that you have enough to say about it, but not so broad that you can't be thorough.
To help you structure a perfectly clear thesis, check out these These Statement Examples. The next step is to outline what you are going to write about. This means you want to essentially draw the skeleton of your paper. Writing an outline can help to ensure your paper is logical, well organized and flows properly. If you've been tasked with an argumentative essay, here's the best formula for an Argumentative Essay Outline. Start by writing the thesis statement at the top, and then write a topic sentence for each paragraph below that.
This means you should know exactly what each of your paragraphs is going to be about before you write them. Ensure you have transitions between paragraphs so the reader understands how the paper flows from one idea to the next. Fill in supporting facts from your research under each paragraph. Make sure each paragraph ties back to your thesis and creates a cohesive, understandable essay. Does your teacher follow the APA guidelines for writing papers? As you progress into the meat of the essay following our tips below , these APA Format Examples should prove beneficial!
Once you have an outline, it's time to start writing. Write based on the outline itself, fleshing out your basic skeleton to create a whole, cohesive and clear essay. You'll want to edit and re-read your essay, checking to make sure it sounds exactly the way you want it to. Here are some things to remember:. Support your thesis adequately with the information in your paragraphs.
Each paragraph should have its own topic sentence. This is the most important sentence in the paragraph that tells readers what the rest of the paragraph will be about. Make sure everything flows together.
As you move through the essay, transition words will be paramount. Transition words are the glue that connects every paragraph together and prevents the essay from sounding disjointed. Reread your introduction and conclusion. Will the reader walk away knowing exactly what your paper was about? In your introduction, it's important to include a hook. This is the line or line that will lure a reader in and encourage them to want to learn more.
For more on this, check out How to Write a Hook. And, to help you formulate a killer conclusion, scan through these Conclusion Examples. Now the essay is written, but you're not quite done. Reread what you've written, looking out for mistakes and typos.
11 Rules of Writing – Common Mistakes [& Fixes]
Check for grammar , punctuation and spelling errors. You cannot always count on spell check to recognize every spelling error.
go to site Sometimes, you can spell a word incorrectly but your misspelling will also be a word, such as spelling "from" as "form. Another common area of concern is quotation marks. It's important to cite your sources with accuracy and clarity. Remember that the thesis statement will guide all your body paragraphs. Back up your thesis; find details to support your thesis statement. Ensure the details are logic and comply with rationality and relevance of your essay. Also, place your ideas in an orderly manner.
Your method of organization can be either regarding priorities, events or even classes or groups. When for instance discussing the causes of economic challenges of a country, you could start with the past causes to the current causes or vice versa. The statement in these essays should point out cause and effect arguments. In the body, there should be a clear illustration of various instances where some causes led to effects.
Exhaustively explore your thesis through the definition and also the demonstration.
You could also use references to give more clarity to your subject. The points should be detailed and also have a solid back up. While addressing the causes and effect, only focus on the direct causes and effects to prevent you from steering away from the main topic of discussion. Give elaborative examples of cause and effect instances from trusted sources. As you back up your ideas use logic and facts. Real facts and statistics are the best examples to use that show solid.
While writing these essays, use transitional words to ensure smooth flow of your essay. Words like because, due, since, first and since are the best transitional words in cause essays and words like consequently, therefore and thus favor effect essays. Conclude your essay by giving a summary of your argument. The best way to go about this is through the restatement of your thesis followed by a quick summary of each of the points you made while proving your argument.
Related simple rules to writing an essay
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