Amongst other benefits, decentralisation promotes greater experimentation, better matching of services to local preferences and greater competition between providers of government-funded services. Fiscal decentralisation is associated with higher national income, better school performance and higher levels of investment. In particular, the decentralisation of revenue-raising powers has a stronger effect on performance than the decentralisation of spending. The evidence suggests that increasing the local share of taxation from 5 per cent to 20 per cent still low by G7 standards could raise GDP per capita by 6 per cent.
With especially low levels of revenue decentralisation, and as a large country, the UK is in a particularly good position to gain from transferring powers and revenue-raising responsibilities from central to local government. The federal government should have a very limited number of powers including defence, foreign affairs and border control and a small parliament and executive.
Secondly, there should be radical decentralisation of powers within Scotland and RUK to local government. Rather, control should be at local level unless functions cannot be performed locally.
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Current UK government proposals to devolve powers to cities do not deal with the problems identified by this research and may well exacerbate them. Centralisation would be prevented by requiring unanimity amongst the parliaments of all the individual nations as well as agreement of the federal parliament before any further powers were passed to the federal UK level. Local authorities could join together to provide some functions, such as policing, where local geography or other circumstances made that desirable.
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In addition, there should be complementary reforms to promote autonomy for individuals, families and civil society institutions, especially in relation to health and education. Theses would come from user charges and from some combination of the following taxes to be determined at local level: taxes modelled on the current Council Tax; land value taxes; taxes on business property; natural resource levies; consumption taxes; variation in income taxes; and tourist taxes.
Firstly, revenue must be raised by the layer of government that is undertaking spending. Secondly, one layer of government must not bail out the debts incurred by any other layer of government. To prevent the problems seen in the euro zone, the central bank would not accept Scottish or RUK or English, Welsh and Northern Irish if appropriate bonds as collateral in monetary policy operations.
To read the press release, click here. Prof Philip Booth. Mary's having previously been Director of Research and Public Engagement. Previously, Philip Booth worked for the Bank of England as an adviser on financial stability issues and he was also Associate Dean of Cass Business School and held various other academic positions at City University.
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An exploratory study into relationship types between building contractors and material suppliers in the Ghanaian Construction Industry. Evaluation of yam varietal response to vine multiplication technique under three growth media.
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Chev and Terminalia ivorensis A. Chev ]. Inheritance and combining ability studies on grain yield and resistance to maize weevil Sitophilus Zeamais, Motschulsky among extra early quality protein maize inbred lines. Exploratory study on the effect of location on project cost within the Ghanaian Construction Industry. Evaluation of different soil amendments on growth and yield of three accessions of taro Colocasia Esculenta. Developing guidelines for managing subcontractors within the constraints of cost and time.
Review of the hydraulic capacity of some existing culverts on selected roads in Kumasi Metropolis Ghana. The impact of poor stakeholders involvement in the planning and implementation of construction projects case study: Accra Metropolis, Ghana.
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An investigation into the strategic positioning of facility management in organizations in Ghana A case study of Ghana Commercial Bank. Phenotypic characterisation and genetic diversity of the local pig of Ghana. Growth and yield response of soybean varieties to inoculation and nitrogen levels. Effects of pre-germination treatments and storage periods on germination, vigour, chemical and health composition of seeds of three cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz cultivars.
A laboratory investigation into the effect of confinement on the dynamic cone penetration index of a lateritic soil for field compaction verification. Intake, digestibility, and nitrogen balance of sheep fed bambara groundnut haulm as supplement to a maize stover basal diet. Phenotyping of Striga gesnerioides Willd. Interfacing traditional studio painting with digital artistry. Evaluation of herbicides and fungicides on groundnut Arachis Hypogaea l. Enablers of lean construction concept to affordable housing schemes in Ghana. Genetic analysis of simple sequence repeat markers and morphological traits variation in lowland, mid-altitude and highland African maize Zea mays L.
An appraisal of the Ghana Highway Authority road design guide. Effects of desiccants, packaging materials and storage periods on seed quality and longevity dynamics of three indigeneous forest tree species. Genetic diversity studies of tropical Ipgri maize Zea mays L. Landraces held in iita by agromorphological and simple sequence repeats marker evaluation. Yield response of soybean and cowpea to rock phosphate fertilizer blend and rhizobial inoculation on two benchmark soils of northern Ghana. Risk identification and analysis as practiced by construction firms in Ghana.
Investigation into early deterioration of surface dressings in Ghana. Adoption of Prefabrication for Construction Projects in Tamale.
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GIS web-based solution for ecg asset tracking and billing A case study at adentan municipality. Effect of different storage methods on the quality characteristics of cowpea grains a case study of Dormaa Ahenkro District. A study on investors's perception towards mutual fund investment: A case study of Prudential Bank Limited. Assessment of black cotton soil as substitute for bentonite in liner and drilling applications. Incorporating joint flexibility in collapse risk assessment. Walp varieties. Impact of stress on the occurrence of accidents on construction sites in Ghana.
Compulsory land acquisition and payment of compensation in Ghana. Impact of relocating utility services during road construction: the management of issues when they arise. Shear behaviour of self compacting concrete beams reinforced with palm kernel fibre. Effect of different concentrations of ga3 and polyethylene film linings on the physicochemical properties and shelf- life of banana Cavendish stored under different environments. Impact of zoning on land use in peri urban areas, city of Kigali, Rwanda. Exploitation of heterosis in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas L. Lam via progeny testing and use of molecular markers.
Offshore printing: a study on the printing industry in Ghana. Effects of NPK and poultry manure rates on the growth, nitrogen fixation and grain yield of soybean Glycine max l Merrill. Genetic diversity in Liberian and Ghanaian rice Oryza Sativa l. Risk perception and agricultural insurance development strategy for cashew crop farmers in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana. Collaboration in the Ghanaian construction industry: perceived barriers and benefits.
An investigation into worker satisfaction with construction site welfare provisions. Assessing the adequacy of construction planning and scheduling data utilized by construction firms in Ghana. Effects of intercropping and cropping systems on the postharvest quality of maize and roselle. Laterite as a material for ceramic art tile finishing. Ascertaining the general uses and nutritional composition of desert date Balanites aegyptiaca identified in the West Gonja District of Ghana.
Exploring project risk management practices of Ghanaian building contractors. Development of a building energy efficiency assessment tool for office buildings in Ghana. Groundwater contamination through cyanide and metal migration from tailings dam operation. Qualitative mutant genes within the local chicken population in Ghana: their influence on growth performance and egg production. The impact of information management on project delivery in Ghana.
Community participation and challenges to implementation of health programmes: the case of community-based management of acute malnutrition in Tolon District, Ghana. Assessing the risk of exposure of underground mine workers to respirable mine dust and diesel particulate matter hazards, a case study of Chirano Gold Mines Company Limited, Ghana. The effects of oil exploitation on residental rental housing- A case of Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis.
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